## Writer’s Choice

ASSIGNMENT:
Choose a construct that is of interest to you. Find two measures of that construct in the research literature. Tell us a little about both and then determine, if you were conducting your own study, which one (if either) you would use and why? Remember to link your reasoning to this week’s resources.

CHAPTER:

Chapter 6
Defining and Measuring Concepts
Measurement, Conceptualization, and Operationalization
In this chapter we’ll discuss measurement, conceptualization, and operationalization. If you’re not quite sure what any of those words mean, or even how to pronounce them, no need to worry. By the end of the chapter, you should be able to wow your friends and family with your newfound knowledge of these three difficult to pronounce, but relatively simple to grasp, terms.

6.1 Measurement
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Define measurement.
Describe Kaplan’s three categories of the things that social scientists measure.
Identify the stages at which measurement is important.
Measurement is important. Recognizing that fact, and respecting it, will be of great benefit to you—both in research methods and in other areas of life as well. If, for example, you have ever baked a cake, you know well the importance of measurement. As someone who much prefers rebelling against precise rules over following them, I once learned the hard way that measurement matters. A couple of years ago I attempted to bake my husband a birthday cake without the help of any measuring utensils. I’d baked before, I reasoned, and I had a pretty good sense of the difference between a cup and a tablespoon. How hard could it be? As it turns out, it’s not easy guesstimating precise measures. That cake was the lumpiest, most lopsided cake I’ve ever seen. And it tasted kind of like Play-Doh. Figure 6.1 depicts the monstrosity I created, all because I did not respect the value of measurement.

Figure 6.1

Measurement is important in baking and in research.

Just as measurement is critical to successful baking, it is as important to successfully pulling off a social scientific research project. In sociology, when we use the term measurement we mean the process by which we describe and ascribe meaning to the key facts, concepts, or other phenomena that we are investigating. At its core, measurement is about defining one’s terms in as clear and precise a way as possible. Of course, measurement in social science isn’t quite as simple as using some predetermined or universally agreed-on tool, such as a measuring cup or spoon, but there are some basic tenants on which most social scientists agree when it comes to measurement. We’ll explore those as well as some of the ways that measurement might vary depending on your unique approach to the study of your topic.

What Do Social Scientists Measure?
The question of what social scientists measure can be answered by asking oneself what social scientists study. Think about the topics you’ve learned about in other sociology classes you’ve taken or the topics you’ve considered investigating yourself. Or think about the many examples of research you’ve read about in this text. In Chapter 2 “Linking Methods With Theory” we learned about Melissa Milkie and Catharine Warner’s study (2011)Milkie, M. A.,

## Source evidence management and evaluation

Hi,
You previously worked on my order (Order # 356185771) for the similar course last semester. Please remember my ID as I`ll ask you to work on the series of the similar works (These are the primary steps of the major assignment).
Each week I`ll ask you to write the answer for the main questions (about 250-300 words) and then, you need to continue writing 2 response (about 100 words) as a comments based on the requested on the instruction to 2 other students (BASED ON THE ATTACHED COURSE MATERIALS). Then, you need to revise the RESEARCH QUESTION BASED ON THE STUDENT`S FEEDBACK.

*Here is the this week questions:

“1. Using the course content and your readings, write a PICOC research question, share it with your peers. Please post your question by Thursday at midnight. Note: Write a question that holds interest for you personally because you will be using this PICOC question to guide your future assignments and as part of some learning activities in subsequent weeks in this course.

2. Provide feedback to TWO peers on their posted question. As you read and respond, assess whether the PICOC elements are clearly stated. Ask questions and provide constructive feedback. When possible, please post your feedback by Saturday evening so that your peer will have time on Sunday to consider your feedback and revise their research question.

3. Refine your individual question based on the feedback you receive and post your final question by the end of the week (Sunday 10 pm EST).

4. Conduct a preliminary literature search on Ovid MEDLINE to see if there is evidence you can use in your assignments. Review the tutorials on the Health Science Library website to guide your search. Where possible, you should be able to identify a randomized control trial (RCT) or systematic review (SR) that answers your PICOC question.

How will this week’s discussion be assessed?

The posting of your research question and PICOC will be viewed as your initial post, and since there is only one question this week (the design of your research and PICOC question, we require you to provide feedback to the draft PICOC questions posted by TWO your peers. Please provide feedback to your peers, and offer suggested edits or comments/questions to help them further develop their research question and PICOC. The feedback can be 3-4 sentences. We then expect you to make a “final” post with your revised research question, in response to the feedback from your peer.

In addition, we recommend that you conduct a preliminary literature search on Ovid MEDLINE and CINAHL to see if there is evidence you can use in your assignment. Review the tutorials on the Health Science Library website to guide your search. Where possible, you should identify a randomized control trial (RCT) or systematic review (SR) that addresses your research question.”

**OTHER SOURCES:
1) Picking your Topic is Research created by North Carolina State University. (This helps explain iterative process you’re about to undertake.)
https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/videos/picking-your-topic-is-research

2)Watch the shortened (7 min.) or full length (2 hrs) lecture by the MHM librarians about searching the MHM literature
https://hslmcmaster.libguides.com/c.php?g=306751

## COVID-19

My case study is on a patient who went to the ER. The patient presented with shortness of breath (SOB), fatigue, cough, mild fever, headaches, extreme sore throat, fatigue. The patient has a history of sever asthma amongst other medical issue. At the intake process the patient had a high heart rate even though he had been resting as well and high blood pressure leading the medical experts to think he was throwing a pulmonary embolism. This lead to multiple exams being doing xrays, CT, ekg and a full blood work. After everything came back it came out positive for COVID-19 and due to his severe asthma is what increased his heart rate. After the paragraph of the background on the patient, we should proceed to talk about effects of COVID and symptoms and treating possibilities. As well as what can help and the dangers of COVID-19

## COVID-19

My case study is on a patient who went to the ER. The patient presented with shortness of breath (SOB), fatigue, cough, mild fever, headaches, extreme sore throat, fatigue. The patient has a history of sever asthma amongst other medical issue. At the intake process the patient had a high heart rate even though he had been resting as well and high blood pressure leading the medical experts to think he was throwing a pulmonary embolism. This lead to multiple exams being doing xrays, CT, ekg and a full blood work. After everything came back it came out positive for COVID-19 and due to his severe asthma is what increased his heart rate. After the paragraph of the background on the patient, we should proceed to talk about effects of COVID and symptoms and treating possibilities. As well as what can help and the dangers of COVID-19

## COPD Case Study Part 1

Please see attached file for the case study and the instructions

## PICOT

merlen pEREZ bRYANT
mIAMI REGIONAL UNIVERSITY
dnp 7100
dR. amarilys gonzalez
February 8, 2022

## evaluation of evidence for practice

merlen perez bryant
miami regional university
DNP 7100
Dr. Amarilys Gonzalez
February 2, 2022